Having begun my post-collegiate career in the field of technical training, I have long been aware of the differences between training and a true education. Briefly put, training allows one to follow steps, while education encourages one to understand why the steps exist, how they can be changed with and without detriment, and so forth. Walter Russell Mead looks at these two, but reminds us of the third component:
What we call education in this country is a blend of two things: training for specific jobs or industries and the development of critical reasoning and cultural and scientific literacy. (In former times there was another element, called character building, more important than either of the first two. We’ve pretty much dropped that one now, except for the PC indoctrination work — a vestigial and both spiritually and psychologically stunted remnant of what good colleges once saw as their core mission.)
Character building: Inculcating pupils with an understanding of right and wrong from an eternal, moral perspective.
Without that, the rest of the education is steeply discounted in value, though not in cost.